Gout is a form of arthritis marked by sudden attacks of painful, inflamed joints. If it is not controlled, gout can cause severe damage to joints, tendons, and other tissues. Gout is characterized by sudden, severe bouts of redness, swelling, warmth, pain, and inflammation in one or more joints. Most commonly, the big toe is the initial joint involved, but other joints may be involved initially or become involved in recurring attacks of gout.
What caused? It is caused by too much uric acid in the blood. This used to be treated with a strict diet, but now there are medicines that can control it. These medicines have largely replaced the need to restrict what you eat.
But making changes in your diet may still help with your gout. If you want to try an eating plan for gout, this list below can help you learn more about how to eat in ways that may help you keep your gout under control and still get the nutrition you need.
What Should You Eat?
Dietary restrictions suggest what people should not eat, but what should people eat? What foods will help control gout attacks? The American Medical Association recommends the following dietary guidelines for people with gout, advising them to eat a diet:
- High in complex carbohydrates (fiber-rich whole grains, fruits, and vegetables)
- Low in protein (15% of calories and sources should be soy, lean meats, or poultry)
- No more than 30% of calories in fat (with only 10% animal fats)
Recommended Foods To Eat
- Fresh cherries, strawberries, blueberries, and other red-blue berries
- Vegetables including kale, cabbage, parsley, green-leafy vegetables
- Foods high in bromelain (pineapple)
- Foods high in vitamin C (red cabbage, red bell peppers, tangerines, mandarins, oranges, potatoes)
- Drink fruit juices and purified water (8 glasses of water per day)
- Low-fat dairy products
- Complex carbohydrates (breads, cereals, pasta, rice, as well as aforementioned vegetables and fruits)
- Chocolate, cocoa, Coffee, tea
- Essential fatty acids (tuna and salmon, flax-seed, nuts, seeds)
- Tofu, although a legume and made from soybeans, may be a better choice than meat
Foods considered moderately high in purines but which may not raise the risk of gout include: asparagus, cauliflower, mushrooms, peas, spinach, whole grain breads and cereals, chicken, duck, ham, turkey, kidney and lima beans. It is important to remember that purines are found in all protein foods. All sources of purines should not be eliminated.
What Should You Avoid
Because gout caused by an excess of uric acid in the body. You must avoid foods that are high in purines and high in protein because have long been suspected of causing an increased risk of gout.
Based on American Medical Association and Johns Hopkins, here lists foods that are higher in purines:
- Beer, other alcoholic beverages.
- Anchovies, sardines in oil, fish roes, herring.
- Herring, sardines
- Organ meat (liver, kidneys, sweetbreads, hearts)
- Legumes (dried beans, peas)
- Meat extracts, consomme, gravies.
- Mushrooms, spinach, asparagus, cauliflower
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